Glengall Canal Basin and the Edison Bell Works

Glengall Wharf is now a thriving communal garden growing fruit and vegetables. It replaces the refuse wharf at the end of the Surrey Canal Walk where the main arm of the canal opened out into a junction known as Glengall Basin, wide enough for barges to turn down to Peckham. The Peckham branch of the canal opened in 1826, 15 years after the main section from Surrey Docks to Camberwell Road. Opposite the Wharf, the Edison Bell works produced early records and gramophones.

Map shows canal in blue and loacations of Council refuse depot and Edison Bell works
1947 Ordnance Survey Map of Glengall Wharf area

The concrete wall, which formed the edge of the canal as it rounded the bend, is still clearly visible*. This supported Glengall Wharf, which in later years was a Camberwell Council depot, used for tipping refuse into barges. There was a toll ‘hatch’ (gateway across the towpath) opposite, near Trafalgar Bridge, to collect fees from barges going down to Peckham.

Invoice and letter, 1925/6, showing elaborate graphics of the factory along the top, with logos and trademarks down the left

On the north bank of the main canal, occupying what had been a gas meter factory at the start of the 20th Century, was the main works of the Edison Bell company. Thomas Edison was the great American inventor and businessman who pioneered the first commercial recorded music. Here, to start with, they made recording cylinders, and later 78rpm records, at one time producing as many as 6 million a year. They recorded many artists in their studio on the top floor, including famous African American world champion heavyweight boxer Jack Johnson, who came here on 30th June, 1914 to record a talk on fitness.

Find out more about Jack Johnson in this BBC Programme from 2011. His Peckham recording is at 6:39 into the progamme. Note that he didn’t really speak in a ‘cumbersome’ way as discussed here – this transfer from disk is slightly slow.

Large factory on several floors, next to canal bridge with decorative iron railings
Edison Bell Factory in 1924, from Glengall Road bridge

The factory was given over to war work during WW1, and later produced record players – ‘gramophones’ – and early radios – ‘crystal sets’. The factory was conveniently positioned next to the canal, as well as Glengall Rd leading directly to the main south London artery of the Old Kent Rd. The bridge shown above was evidently an ornate cast iron affair dating from 1858, as can be seen in this photo from the 1970s taken by Steve Heathman, who kindly contacted us and let it be added to this page.

Painted cast iron oval plaque with the words 'Glengall Bridge 1858' and other s,indistinct
Name plate in the centre of the bridge balustrade. Please let us know if you can decipher the lower wording. Photo courtesy of Steve Heathman.
Newspaper cutting listing factory items and freehold works of 56,000 square feet
June 1934 auction notice following the winding up of  Edison Bell

Sadly, following financial troubles, they closed in 1933, and the building was taken over by Buckingham and Co, to become a bedstead factory. Nowadays there’s nothing to see at the site of this large complex of buildings at 62 Glengall Rd.

The Peckham canal branch was home to various warehouses for building materials, but particularly timber yards. Timber was a speciality of the Surrey Commercial Docks, situated at the Thames end of the canal at Rotherhithe, and there were many timber yards along the whole length of the canal. Whitten Timber (at the Peckham end of this branch) was the last historic survivor of this historic trade.

The former refuse depot here at Glengall Wharf is now home to the Burgess Park Food Project – communal gardens growing fruit, vegetables and flowers. Much of the refuse from the yard sailed on the barges to Medway towns such as Sittingbourne, where it was tipped into the sea or used to make bricks, which may well have returned right here on the same barges, to build the streets of Camberwell and Peckham!

Bridge and canal almost filled with earth and rubble
Glengall Bridge around 1970 during the infilling of the canal. The plaque pictured above may just be visible in the centre. Photo courtesy of Steve Heathman.

*Stop Press! February 2015: The original retaining wall of Glengall wharf may be in jeopardy – Southwark Council want to replace it. Read about it here

**Update – March 2017: Works are completed. Read about it here

Listen to people’s memories of the many different industries in the park.

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